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WordPress:First Steps With WordPress

来自站长百科
2008年4月2日 (三) 07:55Fludlen (讨论 | 贡献)的版本
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目录

Now What?

现在干什么?

You've just completed the famous 5 Minute Installation of WordPress without stress or fuss. WordPress is packed with many amazing features. So now that you've got it installed, what should you do?

在毫无压力毫不混乱的情况下,你已经完成了著名的 5分钟安装WordPress。WordPress拥有许多令人惊奇的特色。那么既然现在你已经安装好了它,现在你应该做什么呢?

Let's take a step-by-step tour through your WordPress site and learn about how all the different functions work and how to make your new site your own.

现在我们一步一步地参看你的WordPress站点,学学所有不同的功能是怎样工作的,和怎样使你的新站点成为你自己的。

During the first part of this tutorial, we ask that you don't change anything within the program, unless it is part of the tutorial. Just follow these simple steps and soon you will be changing everything.

在这个指南的第一部分,我们询问你没有更改程序中的任何东西,除非它是指南中的一部分。只要遵循这些简单的步骤,不久你就改变了所有的东西。

Starting from the Top

从最顶上方开始

Begin by logging into the Administration Panel. This is the brain behind your website, the place where you can let your creativity explode, writing brilliant prose and designing the best and most lovely website possible. This is where the organization of your site begins - and this is just the start.

从登录到管理面板开始。这是你的站点背后的大脑,在这个地方你可以使你的创造力爆发,写优美的散文,设计可能最好的最可爱的网站。这是你的站点组织开始的地方-这仅仅是开始。

left|thumb|View Site Link From the Administration Panel, from the top of the screen menu choose View Site. Like it? Don't like it? Doesn't matter, just look at it. This is where you are going to be spending a lot of time over the next few minutes, hours, weeks, months....

left|thumb|访问站点链接在管理面板上,在屏面上方的菜单上选择访问站点。喜欢它?不喜欢它?没关系,只是看看它。这是你将要花很长时间的地方,接下来的几分钟,几小时,几星期,几个月…..


Test Driving Your WordPress Site

试着驾驭你的 WordPress站点

Take time to look at the site before you get into the changing of things and figuring out how all of this works; it's important to see how the default WordPress Theme is laid out and works. Consider this the test drive before you start adding on all the special features.

在你更改一些东西之前,抓紧时间看看站点并且领会所有的这些是怎样运行的;看看默认的WordPress主题是怎样布局和运行的,这一点很重要。在你开始添加所有的特色之前,想想这个测试驾驭。

left|thumb|WordPress Default Theme - Kubrick left|thumb|WordPress 默认主题 - Kubrick

The layout you are looking at is called a Theme. It is the Presentation of your website, styling the look of the site. The default WordPress Theme features a blue "header" at the top with the title placeholder of your site. Along the side you will see some titles and links. This is your "sidebar menu." Within the main middle section of the page is the "post." At the bottom of the page is the "footer." 你所看到的布局称作一个 主题。它是你的站点的呈现,设计你的站点的外观。默认的WordPress主题在上方,有一个蓝色的"标题",有你的站点的标题的占位符。在旁边你会看到一些标题和链接。这是你的"工具条 菜单。"在主要的中间部分是"文章。"在页面的底部是"页脚。"

Let's look at the post for a moment. There is a title, and below the title is some information. This is called the post meta data and contains information about the post such as the date and time the post was made, the author, and the categories the post is in.

让我们来看一会儿文章。有一个标题,标题下面是一些信息。这个叫做文章 meta数据,包含了关于文章的信息,例如文章发表的时间和日期,文章的作者,以及文章属于的类别。

Scroll down the page and notice the bar at the end of the page. This is called the "footer," and for now it says "(your blog) is proudly powered by WordPress."

向下滚动页面,在页面的最后,可以注意到一个条,称为"页脚," 目前它显示"(你的博客)正自豪地由WordPress推动着。"


Back to the sidebar, you will see different sections with information. Among these you may find a list of Wordpress:Pages, Categories, Archives, Calendar, and Dates. This is part of the menu or navigation panel that people will use to move around your site, visiting posts from different categories or time periods.

返回到工具条,你可以看到不同的部分,拥有不同的信息。

It's All in the Details

它所有的都是详细信息

Take time to notice the smaller details of this web page layout and design. Move your mouse over the title of the article post. Notice how it changes color. This is called a hover. Most Themes feature a distinctive color or change when you move your mouse over a link. Move your mouse over any of the links in the sidebar. Do they change? Is the change the same? You can change your link hovers to look different in different sections of your page, but typically they should be uniform. Also look at the color of the links. How are they colored to stand out from the rest of the text?

抓紧时间看看这个网页设计和布局的更加详细的信息。将你的鼠标移到文章标题上,看看它怎样改变了颜色。这个叫做一个盘旋。大多数主题有一个与众不同的颜色,或者当你的鼠标移到一个链接上时,主题会改变颜色。将你的鼠标移到工具条上任何一个链接上。它们改变了吗?它们的改变是一样的吗?你可以改变你的链接hovers,使他们在你的页面上的不同部分,看起来不一样,但是通常它们应该是统一的。也看看链接的颜色。它们怎样显现了颜色以与文章的其它部分相区别。

Observe the small design details and where they are placed within the page. In the near future, you may want to change some of these details, such as the color of the title in the blue box at the top of the page. If you remember that is called the header then you will know to look within the header section of your style sheet, the file that controls the look of your web page, when you want to make changes to it.

观看小设计的详细信息并且观察它们放在页面的什么位置上。在不久的将来,也许你想更改一下这些详细的信息,例如在页面上方的蓝色框中的标题的颜色。如果你记得它叫做标题,你就会知道在你的样式表中的标题部分里面查看,如果你想改变网页的颜色,这个文件控制了你的网页的外观。

Take a Quick Trip Around

迅速地到处看看

For now you only have one post. It is residing within a page that is laid out as your home page or the front page. If you click on the title of the post, it will take you to the specific page for that post. The first page or home page of your site features the most recent posts on your site. Each post title will link to the actual page of the post. Some Theme designers design their single post pages to look different from the home page. By clicking on the title, you are taken to another web page that looks different from the home page.

暂时你只有一篇文章。它在你的主页或者首页里面。如果你点击那个文章的标题,它就会带你到那个文章特殊页面上。你的站点的首页或者主页拥有你的站点上最新的文章。每个文章标题都链接到那篇文章真正的页面。一些主题设计者设计他们的单独的文章页面,是这些与主页不同。通过点击主题,你就被带到了另一个与主页看起来不同的网站页面上。

right|thumbnail|WordPress Default Theme - Single Post Look right|thumbnail|WordPress 默认主题 – 单一的文章外观

Again, in the single post, pay attention to the layout and notice what is now different about the design elements. Is the header different? Smaller, larger, or a different color? Is there a sidebar? In the default Theme for WordPress, the sidebar disappears in the single post. Look at all the details and take note of the differences.

在一个单独的文章上,注意布局,注意关于设计的基本元素,现在有什么不同。标题不同了吗?更小了,更大了,还是有了一个不同的颜色?有一个工具条吗?在单独的一个文章页面上,WordPress默认主题,工具条都消失不见了。看看所有的详细信息,注意到不同点。

Posts are usually stored in categories so you can keep related topics together. Right now you only have one category, but will soon want more. Click on the single category that appears in the sidebar of the home page. You are now in a page that has been generated to display only the posts within that category. Again, take a look at the layout and see how it may be different from the home page and the single post.

文章经常地储存在种类因此你可以将相关的主题保存在一起。现在你只要一个类别,但是不久你就会想要更多的。点击出现在注意的工具条上的单一的类别。现在你来到了一个页面,这个页面只显示那个类别以内的文章。再一次地看看布局,看看它与主页和单一的文章页面是怎么区别的。

Do the same with the Archives. You may only have one post, but look at how the pages are laid out. They may or may not change, but look at all of it to see how it all works.

归档执行同样的步骤。也许你只有一篇文章,但看看页面是怎样布局的。它们也许改变了,也许没有,但看看所有的,看看它是怎样运行的。

All of these changes are created from only a few files called template files and you can learn more about how they work in Wordpress:Stepping Into Templates. For now, however, let's get on with how the rest of WordPress works.

所有的这些改变只是在几个叫做模板文件中实现的,你可以在走进模板中学习更多的关于它们是怎样运行的知识。但是,目前,让我们继续看看WordPress的其余部分是怎样运行的。

Test Drive the WordPress Admin Panels

尝试驾驭 WordPress管理面板

right|thumb|WordPress Admin Dashboard right|thumb|WordPress 管理Dashboard

Now that you have an idea of how your site looks and what the different layout sections are called, it's time to test drive the WordPress Administration. This is like familiarizing yourself with the dashboard of your new website. In fact, the first page you see after logging in is called The Dashboard.

现在你知道了你的站点外观看起来是怎样的,不同的布局部分的名称,是时间要测试驾驭WordPress 管理。这就像使你自己熟悉你的新站点的dashboard.事实上,你登录后,看到了第一页叫做 Dashboard.


The Dashboard is a new feature in WordPress v1.5. It helps to keep you up to date on new and interesting bits of information from the many WordPress resources. In the corner it also features a list of the most recent activity you've done on your site.

Dashboard是WordPress v1.5中一个新的特色。它帮助你即时获得许多WordPress资源中的新的和有趣的信息。在拐角还有你在你的网站上最近所做的活动的列表。

Across the top of the Admin screen is the main menu, which says: 在管理界面上方是主菜单,上面显示:

right|thumb|User Profile Panel

right|thumb|用户个人基本资料面板

The links in the above list will take you to a series of articles that will guide you step-by-step through every aspect of the Admin panels. You're anxious to get started, so for now, let's start with the Users panel. 上述列表中的链接会链接到一系列的文章,指导你一步一步地查看管理面板的每一个方面。你急于开始,因此从现在开始,让我们从用户面板开始

Click on the Users tab. The screen will change and you will see the panel called Profile. This is where you will enter information about you, the author and administrator of the site. In the next tab called Authors and Users you can set up more authors. Let's stick with you for right now. Fill in the information and click Update Profile when done.

点击用户 标签。界面就会改变,你就会看到一个称作个人基本资料的面板。从这里你可以输入关于你自己,作者和站点的管理者的信息。在下一个称为 作者和用户的标签上,你可以设置更多的作者。现在就开始坚持地做下去吧。填上信息,完成以后,点击更新个人资本资料

Now, let's look at the powerful feature functions of the WordPress Admin. 现在我们来看看WordPress管理的强大的特色功能吧。

Quick Changing the Look

快速改变外观

right|thumb|The Presentation Panel right|thumb|外观呈现面板

The Presentation panel allows you to change the look of your site using Themes. Themes are presentation styles that completely change the look of your site. Designed by WordPress users, there are hundreds of themes available for you to choose from. In your Presentation panel, you will see two themes, classic and default. To try this quick-change process, simply select Classic and then click View Site to see how it looks. Wow, you have another look and nothing else on the site has changed. It's that easy.

Go back to the Presentation panel (Back button on your browser) and select Default to bring the design back to what you had. To see it again, click View Site, and there it is. Honestly, it is that simple.

外观呈现面板 允许你使用主题来改变你的站点的外观。主题是外观呈现形式,可以完全地改变你的站点的外观。由WordPress用户设计,你可以从上千个主题中挑选。在你的外观呈现面板上,你可以看见两个主题,经典型的与默认型的。尝试一下这个快速改变的过程,只要选择经典型的 然后点击 观看站点 看看站点的外观。哦,你的站点呈现出另一种外观,站点上其它的什么也没变。这是如此地简单。


Writing and Managing Posts

写和管理文章

Back in the Admin panel, take a look at the Write panel, and the Manage panel. You can use the tabs under the Write Menu to write posts and Pages. Using the tabs under the Manage menu, you can manage the posts and Pages in your site.

返回到管理面板,看看写面板,和管理面板。你可以使用写菜单下面的标签,来写文章和网页。使用管理菜单下面的标签,你可以管理你的站点上的文章和网页。

Let's start by making your first test post in the Write Post tab. right|thumb|Write Post Panel 让我们从写文章 标签中的制作第一篇测试文章开始。 right|thumb|写文章面板

If the screen looks a little intimidating, the Codex article on Writing a Post will take you step-by-step through the process of writing a post. Take a moment to read through the article and post your first entry and then return to this article and we'll take you onto the next step.

如果版面看起来有点让人感到胁迫,写一篇文章上的抄本文章会引领你一步一步地经历写一篇文章的过程。花一点时间通读一下文章,并且发表你的第一个条目,然后返回到这篇文章,我们会引领你到下一步。

If you are in a hurry, then simply fill in the blanks, one by one, in the post beginning with the title and then write a little test message in the post window. This is just for a test, so you can write anything you want. When you are done, click PUBLISH below the post entry window and it is done. You will then see a blank Write a Post screen and you're ready to write another one. Go ahead. But do only three to four entries. We have more exciting work ahead of us.

如果你有点急,只要在文章中,从标题开始,一个一个地填写空白处,然后在文章窗口中,写一段简短的测试信息。你可以写任何东西,因为这只是为了一次测试。当你完成了以后,点击文章输入窗口下面的发表便完成了。然后你会看见一个空白的写文章版面,你准备在写一篇文章了。继续。但就写三到四篇文章。在往前,我们还有更加令人兴奋的工作呢。

Now that you've gotten a feel for writing posts, you can view your posts by clicking View Site at the top of the screen. Now it's time to get down to the real work.

既然现在你已经有了一种写文章的感觉,通过点击屏面上方的观看站点,你就可以看看你的文章了。现在要开始真正的工作了。

Planning Session

规划会议

All good websites come from a good plan. Sounds redundant, but it's true. If you want to create a good and solid website, you need a good and solid plan. I know it's hard to do, and I know you want to keep poking and playing with this exciting program, but it is time to take a break away from your computer and turn to the old paper and pen. That's right, we're going back in time to when people actually wrote things down.

所有好的站点源于一个好的规划。听起来是多余的,但确的确是这样的。如果你想创建一个优良坚固的站点,你需要一个优良坚固的计划。我知道要这样做很难,我知道你想继续懒散,玩这些令人兴奋的项目,但是是你离开电脑的时间了,而要拿张纸和钢笔。这就对了,当你真的写下了一些东西的时候,我们就会即时的返回。

On a piece of notebook paper, or whatever is lying around, describe your site. Take five to twenty minutes to come up with a purpose for your site, or better yet, call it your Mission Statement.

在一个笔记本的上,或者在旁边任何一张纸上,描述一下你的站点。花上五到二十分钟,写上你的站点的目的,或者另一种更好的说法,称它为你的使命描述。

Answer the following questions: 回答下面的问题:

  1. What am I going to do with this?
  2. 对于这个,我要做什么?
  3. Who is going to read this?
  4. 谁会阅读这个?
  5. What kinds of information will I be posting?
  6. 我会发表那种信息?
  7. Why am I doing this?
  8. 我为什么要这样做?
  9. Who am I doing this for?
  10. 我为谁而这样做?
  11. How often am I going to be posting and adding information?
  12. 我多长时间会发表或者添加一次信息?

Now, compile this information into a paragraph so it looks like this: 现在将这些信息整理为一段话,它看起来就像:

This website will be dedicated to X, Y, and Z,

and cover the topics of A, B, and C. The audience will

be __________ ________________ _______. I will be adding

posts every _____________ about ________ _______ ______________.

I am doing this because _____________ _____________ __________________.


这个站点专门为 X, Y, 和Z而制作,

并且覆盖了A, B, 和 C主题。 读者会有

be __________ ________________ _______. 我将会添加

文章 每个 _____________关于 ________ _______ ______________.

我这样做因为 _____________ _____________ __________________.


Using the Information

使用信息

From this exercise, we've gathered a lot of information. We've uncovered information on how you might layout and design your site. If you know your audience is mostly made up of young people under the age of 25, you will probably want a fashionable look ranging from wild colors and crazy graphics to dark foreboding tones. Something appropriate for that generation. If you are providing factual information about a serious subject, then you will probably want a more conservative look where the information is more important than a lot of pop and flash.

从这次练习中,我们收集到了许多的信息。我们发现了你怎样设计与布局你的站点。如果你知道你的访客大多数是由二十五岁以下的年轻人组成的,你也许会想要一个更加时髦的外观,从疯狂的色彩与图形到暗淡的调子。一些适合于那一代人的东西。如果你提供一个关于一个严肃的主题的真实信息,你可能想要一个更加保守的外观,因为这里的信息比许多的流行元素和flash更加的重要 You probably already have a design idea in mind, or you will be copying over from your previous site, but take a moment to use this information to reconsider your design, and to see how what you want will work with the WordPress options.

也许你的脑海中已经有了一个设计的思想,或者你将从你以前的站点上复制一些东西,但是要花一些时间来利用这个信息,再次地考虑一下你的设计,想要什么来怎样与WordPress中的选项共事。

You have also uncovered the possible categories for your site. The topics and subjects you will be covering are listed in your purpose statement. Let's say your purpose statement said,

你也为你的站点发现了一些可能的类别。你的目的陈述中列出了你将要涉及到的话题和主题。看看你的目的陈述是怎样写的,

"The website will be dedicated to providing news and information on computers, web pages, and the Internet and cover the topics of computer tips, web page design, and Internet news."
"站点专门用来提供关于电脑,网页和因特网的新闻和信息,覆盖的话题包括电脑小贴士,网页设计,和因特网新闻。"


Your topics are your categories. Write your categories down below your purpose paragraph and notes about your web page design.

你的话题是你的类别。在你的目的陈述段落的下面写上你的类别,并且注意你的网页设计。

Now, what subcategories might be under these topics? Under Computer Tips, you might want to segregate them by Windows, Linux, and Mac. Or maybe Software and Hardware. You can have sub-sub-categories, but let's stop with subcategories for right now. Write these down.

那么,现在这些话题下面的子种类会有哪些呢?在电脑小贴士下面,你可能想将他们分为Windows, Linux,和 Mac。或者分为软件硬件。你也许会有子-子-种类,但是现在我们从子种类这里停止吧。将这些写下来。

Remember the question about why you are doing this? Is it because you have valuable and timely information or knowledge to share, because you want to talk about a subject that interests you, or maybe because you just think it will be fun to do. Why not? Everyone's doing it!

记住这个问题,你为什么要这样做?是因为你向与人分享有价值的即时的信息吗,或者你想讨论一个你感兴趣的话题吗,或者就因为你觉得这样做有趣。为什么不做呢?每个人都在这样做!

Understanding the timeliness of the information you want to present on your site helps you organize the information on your website. Your website is organized by several different methods. If the date of when you posted the information is critical to the success of the page, then having links to your posts referenced by date is important. If the information itself is more important and timeless, then having your posts referenced by category is the best choice.

了解你想将信息呈现在站点上的时间,能帮助你阻止站点上的信息。你可以用几种方法来组织你的站点。如果你什么时候发表信息的日期,对于你的网页的成功至关重要,拥有你的参考文章的日期链接非常重要。如果信息本身更重要,而且是永久的,然后将你的文章由类别参考是最好的选择。

Have you noticed that you are starting to lay out your website? If you remember our earlier test drive of your new WordPress website, we examined the sidebar menu. This is the area where your past posts are organized. If you take another look (yes, you can go back to your computer for a moment), you will see the sidebar is laid out in a list by Archives by date, Categories by category, and may even feature a calendar (turned off in the Default Theme but visible in the Classic Theme).

如果你注意到你以布局你的网站开始的?如果你记得我们对你的新的WordPress站点的测试驾驭,我们检查了工具条菜单。我们过去的文章在这里组织起来了。如果你再看看(对,你可以返回到你的电脑逗留一会),你就会看到工具条布局在一个列表上,以归档日期像是,以类别形式布局,或者甚至以一个日历的形式(在默认主题中关闭,但是在经典主题中可以看见)

As you lay out your website on paper, consider whether you want both categories and dates, or just one of them in your sidebar. What information you have and how you want to help the user find the information is critical to your website design.

当你在纸上布局好了你的站点之后,考虑一下你是否种类和日期都想要,或者你只想要其中的一个出现在你的工具条上。你拥有什么信息,你想要怎样帮助你的用户,找到信息对你的站点设计至关重要。

What Information Do You Want to Share

你想要分享什么样的信息

As you think about what information the user will need to know, you have to consider what information you are willing to share with them. That information may include how to contact you, what the purpose of the site is, who you are, and what your expertise is.

当你考虑用户需要知道什么样的信息的时候,你也需要考虑你愿意和他们分享什么样的信息。信息可能包括怎样联系你,站点的目标,你是谁,你的特长是什么。

WordPress v1.5 offers a new feature called Wordpress:Pages which makes the process of presenting this information in an easier fashion. Pages, similar to posts, are most commonly used to present unchanging information such as Pages for About Us, Contact Us, Sign Up for Our Mailing List, and other static information. Before creating your individual Pages, you need to think about what information you would like the Page to hold. Write down the possible Page titles and describe the information you are willing to share online on each Page.

WordPress v1.5提供了一个新的功能叫做页面,这个使信息的呈现变得更加简单。网页,与文章相同,最通常的就是用来呈现一些不变的信息,向'关于我们, 联系我们, 为我们的邮件列表签名, 和其它的静态的 信息。在创建你的个人页面之前,你要考虑一下你希望文章包含哪些信息。写下可能的网页标题,描述一下在每个网页上你希望在线分享的信息。

Comments

评论

Part of the fun of WordPress is the ability to have viewers leave comments on your site. It creates a dynamic interchange between you and the viewer. Do you want comments on your posts? Comments on posts come in a variety of forums, from pats on the back (Good job! Like the post!) to extensive conversations and commentary about the posts turning into long chats. Or maybe you are seeking comments that add to the information you've posted. How you present your comment form, and whether you do or not, invites people to comment.

WordPress其中的一个有趣的能力就是能让访客在你的站点上留下评论。它创造了你和访客之间一个动态的互相交流。你向要关于你的文章的评论吗?文章中的评论有许多形式,从从后面写的 (不错! 喜欢这篇文章!),到关于文章的深入的对话和评论,成为了一个很长的谈话。或者也许你可以搜索你发表了的信息的评论。你怎样呈现你的评论形式,不管你有没有做,邀请人们来评论。

Responding to comments and moderating them can also take up a lot of time. If they are critical to your site, then include them and consider how you want them presented. Go back to your test site; the first post created at the time of installation includes a sample comment. You can even make a few comments yourself on the posts you created. Take a look at how they are laid out and consider how you might want them to look to fit into the design and layout of your site.

回复评论和审核评论也会花掉很长的时间。如果这些对于你的站点至关重要,就要包含它们,并考虑一下你向怎样的呈现这些。返回到你的测试点,在安装时,写的第一篇文章和一个简单的评论。你甚至可以为你自己写文章,做一些评论。看看它们是怎样布局的,考虑一下你希望它们看起来是怎样的,以配合你的站点的设计与布局。

When you have reached your decision about how you want to handle comments, take time to read through the article on comments and WordPress discussion options to help you set those features.

当你决定好了怎样处理评论,抓紧时间通读一下关于评论和WordPress 讨论选项的文章来帮助你设置这些功能。

With this basic information, you are ready to return to your computer and start laying out your site and setting it up.

有了这些基本的信息,你可以返回到电脑上,开始布局和设置你的站点了。

Setting Your Site Up

设置你的站点

Before you get to the graphic look of your site, let's do a little more administration to your site to set it up. Consider making your first plugin installation the Codex and Forum Searcher Plugin. It allows you to search both the WordPress Codex and WordPress Support Forum from your WordPress Administration Panels. Click on one of the search results and the page will open in a new window or tab so you can have the article or discussion open while working on WordPress. This will make your transition to WordPress a much gentler one with information right at your fingertips.

在你看你的站点的外观之前,让我们对你的站点再做一些管理,将它设置起来。考虑一下开始你的第一个插件安装,抄本和论坛搜索器插件。它能让你在你的WordPress管理面板上搜索WordPress抄本和WordPress 支持论坛。点击其中的一个搜索结果,网页会在一个新的窗口或者标签中打开,因此你在WordPress上操作的时候,可以同时将文章或者讨论打开。信息就在你的指下,这样你过渡到WordPress变得更加容易。

You can also work from this page by clicking on a link with a Right Click and opening the documents in a new window or tab, so you can read along as you work on your site.

你也可以从这一页开始,便开始操作,通过点击一个拥有一个正确的链接的链接并且在一个新的窗口或者标签中打开文件,这样你可以一边阅读一边在站点上进行操作。

Let's start with making those categories written down on your list.

让我们从将这些类别写到你的列表上开始。

Create Categories

创建类别

In the Manage > Categories tab, click Add Category and fill in the information about your category. Continue to add your parent categories, going down the list. Hold off on entering sub-categories until all the main categories are entered.

管理 > 类别 标签,点击添加类别并且填上关于你的类别的信息。继续添加你的 类别,继续看列表下面。只有在输入了所有的主类别以后,再输入子-类别。

NOTE: You can add any new categories any time, but make a note of the fact that categories can be sorted in WordPress in two ways: by name (alphabetically) or by ID number. As you enter the categories, they are assigned an ID number. It is difficult to change this, so if you don't want your categories sorted alphabetically, enter them in the order you want to see them presented on the screen.
注: 你可以在任何时候添加任何新的类别,但要注意一个事实,WordPress中的类别可以以两种方式储存:以名字(按字母表顺序)或者以ID号码。很难改变这一点,因此如果你不想类别以字母表顺序排列,输入这些类别的时候,以你希望它们在屏面上呈现的顺序输入。


right|thumb|WordPress Admin Manage Categories right|thumb|WordPress 管理管理类别

When you have the parent categories entered, enter your sub-categories. In the pull down menu for Parent Category, you can select the parent to the sub-category you are adding. When you view your categories in the Manage > Categories panel, you will see the categories listed like this:

当你已经输入了母类别之后,再输入子-类别。在母类别的下拉菜单中,你可以选择到你添加的子-类别上。当你在管理 > 种类面板上看到你的类别时,你会看到类别是这样排列的:

Computer Tips

- Windows
- Linux
- Mac

Internet News
Web Page Design

- Web Standards
- WordPress
- - Plugins
- - Themes


电脑小贴士

- Windows
- Linux
- Mac

因特网新闻
网页设计

- 环球网标准
- WordPress
- - 插件
- - 主题


Put Posts in Categories

将文章放到类别里

Let's put some of your test posts into categories so you can see how this works. 让我们将你的一些试验文章放进类别里这样你就能看到这是怎样操作的。 right|thumb|WordPress Admin Manage Posts right|thumb|WordPress 管理 管理文章

From the Manage > Category panel, click on the tab for Posts. You should see the test posts you entered here. To the right are three links that say: View - Edit - Delete. Click on Edit to edit one of the posts. On the right side of the Edit Post screen you will now see your Categories. Choose one of them by clicking in the box next to it. Then scroll down the page and click SAVE. Repeat this for your other test posts, putting each one in a different category.

管理 > 类别面板上,为文章点击标签。你应该看见你输进这儿的测试文章。右边是三个链接,显示:看看 – 编辑 – 删除。点击编辑来编辑其中的一篇文章。在编辑文章界面的右边,你就能看到你的类别。通过点击它旁边的框,选择它们其中的一个。然后向下滚动页面,点击保存。为你的其它测试文章,重复这样做,将每篇文章放进一个不同的类别中。

Now view your page by clicking View Site at the top of the Admin panel. Do you see the categories listed in the sidebar now? Great. If you are missing a category, that usually means that there are no posts in it. This is the default function of WordPress, so not to worry. When you add a post to the "missing" category, it will appear on your web pages. Click on one of the categories and you will be taken to a page for just that category. You should see the posts that went into that category. This is a generated Category page.

现在在管理面板的上面,点击访问站点访问你的网页。现在你能看到工具条里列的类别了吗?太好了。如果你少了一个类别,这通常意味着这个类别中没有文章。这是WordPress的默认功能,因此不用担心。当你在"丢失的" 类别上添加一篇文章时,它会重新地出现在你的网页上。点击其中的一个类别,你就会来到属于那个类别的页面上。你应该看看属于那个类别的文章。这是生成的类别页面。


Now, click on the Archives for the month showing. Now you are visiting a generated page of your posts listed in chronological order for this month - well, specifically for today only. Two methods of finding the same information.

现在点击归档看看一个月的显示。现在你正访问了你的文章的生成页面,在这里你的文章是以一个月的时间顺序排列的-哦,特别的页面就只有今天的文章。找到同样信息的两种方法。

Preventing Spam

防止垃圾广告

There is more to think about when it comes to having comments on your site. Unfortunately we live in a world where spam is a fact of life. It is recommended that you begin battling the comment spammers with the helpful article, Introduction to Dealing with Comment Spam.

关于什么时候你的站点上有评论,还要考虑更多的。不幸的是,我们生活的世界上,垃圾广告是无法更改的事实。推荐你从有用的文章处理评论中的垃圾广告介绍说明开始,来抗击制造评论中的垃圾广告的人。

What is Next

下一步是什么

You've now done all the basics for your new WordPress website. You know how to write a post, create a category, and how to view your site's information by category and archive. You can start the customization process, and when you are done, don't forget to delete your test posts! Then start writing some wonderful information to share with your new-found public!

现在你已经为你的新的WordPress站点做好了所有的基本要素。你知道怎样写一篇文章,创建一个类别,怎样通过类别和归档来查看你的站点的信息。你可以开始定制步骤了,当你完成以后,别忘了,删除掉你的测试文章!然后开始写一些好的东西与你新建的公众分享。

Customizing Your WordPress Site

定制你的WordPress站点

Once you are familiar with how WordPress works, it's time to get creative and start customizing. The tutorial now splits into different subjects that require no order. From here on you can do whatever you want, adding and subtracting, perfecting and scrambling your site at will. The amount of effort you put into the site is now up to you. You can work with the two WordPress Themes that came with the installation, or seek out another Theme that better meets your needs. You can totally customize all the links and information, or get serious and completely re-design the entire site to do whatever you want. You have the basics, the rest is up to your imagination.

你一旦熟悉了WordPress的运行,现在是开始创造开始定制的时候了。指南现在分成了不需要顺序的不同的主题。从这儿开始,你想做什么就做什么,随意地增加和减少,随意地完善你的站点,或者使你的站点呈现不规则的设计形式。你向站点付出的所有努力现在由你决定。你可以与安装有关的两个WordPress主题共事,或者选择一个更适合你的需求的主题。你可以完全地定制所有的链接和信息,或者认真起来,完全地重新设计全部的站点来做你想做的事。现在你有基本的知识了,设下的就取决于你的想象力了。

[[Wordpress
#WordPress_Themes|Finding a WordPress Theme]]: Look for one that better suits the look you desire on your site.
[[Wordpress
#WordPress_Themes|找到一个WordPress 主题]]: 找一个更加适合你的站点外观的主题。
[[Wordpress
#Customizing_The_Look|Customizing the Look]]: When you are ready to plunge into the code, you can customize the look and layout of the site through CSS and modifing the Themes (or create your own).
[[Wordpress
#Customizing_The_Look|定制外观]]:当你开始投入到代码的时候,你可以通过CSS来定制站点的外观和布局,并且更改主题(或者创建你自己的)。
[[Wordpress
#Wordpress_Plugins|Enhance Your Site with Plugins]]: Plugins add function and sometimes fun to your site. There are hundreds of different plugins from adding custom links like related articles to your sidebar to adding weather reports.

;[[Wordpress:#Wordpress_Plugins|通过插件提高你的站点]]:插件可以给你的站点增加功能有时可以添加乐趣。有成百上千种不同的链接,从增加自定义链接像你的工具条的相关文章到添加天气预报。

WordPress Themes

WordPress主题

There are hundreds of WordPress Themes to choose from. All do basically the same thing but graphically present the information in a myriad of ways. Choose a few that look interesting to you, and meet your audience's needs and your desires, and then test drive them following the test drive instructions above. Click through the whole site, the categories and archives as well as the individual posts to see how the Theme handles each one. The look may be nice on the front page, but if it handles things in a way you don't like on the single post, then you will have to dig into the code and make changes. Not ready for that, try another theme.

可以从成百上千个WordPress 主题中挑选。所有的主题基本上做同样的事情,但是呈现信息的方式如图形一样,千变万化。选择一些你觉得有趣的,符合你的访客和你自己的要求的,然后遵循以上的测试运行说明,试着运行这些主题。点击网站,类别,归档和个人的文章,看看主题是怎样处理这些的。也许在首页上外观看起来不错,但如果在一个单独的文章上它处理东西的方式,你不喜欢的话,你就要进入代码,并做一些更改。还没有准备那个,试一下另一个主题。

If you run into problems, check out the Codex's Troubleshooting Themes article. 如果你遇到了麻烦,查看一下抄本的发现并修理故障主题文章。

Customizing The Look

定制外观

If you are familiar with CSS, HTML, and even PHP and MySQL, consider customizing the Theme to your own needs. This is not for the timid, and it is for the informed and experienced. If you want to expand your web page design and development skills, WordPress can help:

如果你熟悉CSS,HTML,甚至PHP和MySQL,考虑将主题定制为符合你自己需求的。这并不是对于那些人有些胆怯的人来说的,这是对于那些见多识广,又有经验的人来说的。如果你想扩展你的网页设计和发展技巧,WordPress可以帮助你:



WordPress Plugins

WordPress 插件

right|thumb|Plugin Panel right|thumb|插件面板

WordPress Plugins are also known as add-ons or extensions. They are software scripts that add functions and events to your website. They cover the gamut from up-to-date weather reports to simple organization of your posts and categories. Plugins are designed by volunteer contributors and enthusiasts who like challenges and problem solving. They are usually fairly simple to install through the WordPress Admin Plugin panel, just follow the instructions provided by the plugin author. Remember, these are free and non-essential. If you have any problems with plugins, contact the plugin author's website or plugin source first, then search the Internet for help with that specific plugin, and if you haven't found a solution, then visit the WordPress forums for more help.

WordPress插件 也称作增加的或者扩充的设备。他们是软件脚本用来给你的站点增加功能或者结果。are also known as add-ons or extensions. They are software scripts that add functions and events to your website. 它们覆盖的门类齐全,从不断更新的天气预报,到简单地组织你的文章和目录。插件是由志愿贡献的人和喜欢挑战和解决问题的狂热者设计的。它们通常只是通过WordPress管理插件面板简单地安装,只要遵循插件的作者的指示说明就行了。记住,这些是免费的,不重要的。如果你有任何关于插件方面的问题,可以联系插件作者的站点,或者先联系插件原始资料,然后在网上搜索关于那个特别的插件的帮助,如果你还没有得到一个解决的办法,可以访问WordPress论坛寻求更多的帮助。




Above and Beyond the Basics

基本知识内外

The exciting thing about WordPress is that there are few limits. Thousands of people are using WordPress for blogging and for running their websites. All have a different look and different functions on their sites.

WordPress一个令人兴奋的事是它没有什么现在。成千上万的人使用WordPress来写博客,运行他们的站点。他们的站点都有一个不同的外观和不同的功能。


What you do from here is up to you, but here are a few places to take that first step beyond the basics:

你在这儿要做什么,取决于你自己,但是这儿有一些地方可以执行基本知识以外的第一步:


Getting More Help

得到更多的帮助